Ensuring the accessibility and usability of your website is essential for providing a good user experience. Accessible websites should be designed with the needs of all users in mind, including people with disabilities, who may have different requirements when it comes to using the web. User-friendly websites should also be easy to use and navigate, while mobile-friendly websites should be optimized for different devices.
In this article, we will discuss some best practices that you can use to ensure that your website is accessible and usable for all users. We will look at how you can create an accessible website design, how you can make sure that your website is mobile-friendly, and some tips on making sure that your website is user-friendly. Accessible Website design in order for your website to be accessible, you need to be aware of some basic principles. If you have an accessibility plan in place, you will know what needs to be done and what resources are available. Some examples of accessibility plans include the US webAIM Plan, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) guidelines on Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) guidelines, and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9241-11:2012 Code of Practice on Information and Documentation.
The following are a few principles that should inform your design process:
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Use technology that is accessible to persons with disabilities.
Avoid using graphics, sounds, or animations to convey information.
Focus on content over design. This means including text wherever possible, using a standard font size, and avoiding using any special characters or symbols in the content. It also means not varying the size of fonts without acknowledging this variation on the page.
Use color contrast effectively so that users can easily distinguish between text and background colors.
The following are tips for ensuring accessibility:
Avoid acting like an “accessibility-for-everyone” project – A key principle is focusing on content over design but avoiding treating accessibility as a secondary concern.
Avoid using text descriptions, subtitles, or sign language for audio – Use captions and transcripts instead.
Enforce ALT tags on image galleries and other image-heavy pages where alt text is required. Alt text can be provided via the “alt=” attribute of an IMG tag. If the alt text is lengthy, it will show up in a tooltip when the cursor hovers over the IMG tag.